Acute Pain – Nursing Care Plan for Hemorrhoids

Last updated: Saturday, February 16, 2013 - Save & Share - Leave a Comment

Acute Pain - Nursing Care Plan for HemorrhoidsHemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anal canal. Hemorrhoids are very unpleasant and troublesome situation where by the veins during the anus or even the rectum are excessively distended and swollen.

The most common cause is straining during bowel movements.

Hemorrhoids may be caused by:

Hemorrhoids may be inside or outside the body.

The most common symptoms of both internal and external hemorrhoids include:

Constipation and straining during bowel movements raise your risk for hemorrhoids. To prevent constipation and hemorrhoids, you should:

Nursing Diagnosis : Acute Pain related to physical injury agent (surgical incision)

Goal:

Expected outcomes:

Nursing Interventions

Pain management:

1. Assess pain comprehensively including location, characteristics, duration, frequency, quality factor and precipitation.
2. Observation of nonverbal reactions inconvenience.
3. Use therapeutic communication techniques to determine the client’s experience of pain before.
4. Provide a quiet environment.
5. Reduce pain precipitation factor.
6. Teach non-pharmacological techniques (relaxation, distraction, etc.) to overcome the pain.
7. Give analgesics to reduce pain.
8. Evaluation of pain reducers / pain control.
9. Collaboration with the doctor if there are complaints about the administration of analgesics were not successful.
10. Monitor patient acceptance of pain management.

Analgesic administration:

1. Check program providing analgesic; types, dosage, and frequency.
2. Check history of allergy.
3. Determine the analgesic of choice, route of administration and optimal dosage.
4. Monitor vital signs.
5. Give analgesics on time especially when pain appears.
6. Evaluation of analgesic efficacy, side effects signs and symptoms.

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